When hooking a rug, the rug hooker can use a wide range of "cuts" of wool, to make the rug. Cuts typically range between #2 and #12, each denoting the width of the strip being cut. The most common cuts used by most rug hookers are between #3 to #8.

Generally speaking, cuts #6 and higher are considered "primitive" hooking, while smaller cuts are considered "fine" hooking.

Each cut has its own width as shown in the table below:

Cutter Size Width in Inches
#2 2/32"
#3 3/32"
#4 4/32" or 1/8"
#5 5/32" 
#6 6/32" or 3/16"
#7 7/32"
#8 8/32" or 1/4"
#9 9/32"
#10 10/32" or 5/16"
#11 11/32"
#12 12/32" or 3/8"

The size of the cut determines the detail that can be created in the rug hooking design, with smaller cuts (e.g., #3 and #4) allowing for greater detail, whereas larger cuts (generally greater than #6 cuts) can be used for areas requiring less detail (as is the case for background). 

While some rug hookers may hook a piece in different cuts (e.g., use smaller cuts for areas of the rug that require fine detail, while using larger cuts for background fill), many use the same cut for their entire rug hooking project for rug uniformity. 

Another consideration is the amount of time you have.  Smaller cuts require more hooked loops per inch to cover the area, and therefore generally take longer to complete. 

Check out our Rug Hooking FAQ for more answers.

CHARCO Rug Hooking Patterns

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Morris Bunny, rug hooked by Margaret BedleMorris Bunny, rug hooking pattern
P852: Morris Bunny
Sale priceFrom $45.00 USD
Noel, rug hooked by Linda BellNoel, rug hooking pattern
P788: Noel
Sale priceFrom $62.00 USD
Florence, Oregon, rug hooked by Betty McClenticFlorence, Oregon, rug hooking pattern
P861: Florence, Oregon
Sale priceFrom $52.00 USD
Chickadees, rug hooked by Gail BeckerChickadees, rug hooking pattern
P589: Chickadees
Sale priceFrom $39.00 USD
Poppy-A La O'Keefe, rug hooked by Vivily PowersPoppy-A La O'Keefe, rug hooking pattern
P579: Poppy-A La O'Keefe
Sale priceFrom $42.00 USD
Stained Glass Mosaic, rug hooked by Helen Mar ParkinStained Glass Mosaic, rug hooking pattern
PT566: Stained Glass Mosaic
Sale priceFrom $43.00 USD
Fruit, rug hooked by Vivily PowersFruit, rug hooking pattern
P662: Fruit
Sale priceFrom $39.00 USD
Ruthie Rose, rug hooked by Vivily PowersRuthie Rose, rug hooking pattern
CS501: Ruthie Rose
Sale priceFrom $39.00 USD
Stuff-Able Santa, rug hooked by Nancy BaileyStuff-Able Santa, rug hooking pattern
P843: Stuff-Able Santa
Sale priceFrom $53.00 USD
Tiffany, rug hooked by Joanne Van WinkleTiffany, rug hooking pattern
1116: Tiffany
Sale priceFrom $77.00 USD
Pinwheel Scroll, rug hooked by Nancy TerhaarPinwheel Scroll, rug hooking pattern
PT561: Pinwheel Scroll
Sale priceFrom $43.00 USD
Scroll Sampler, rug hooked by Brenda AndersonScroll Sampler, rug hooked by Juliana Kapusta
TS525: Scroll Sampler
Sale priceFrom $51.00 USD